Over most of Allagash's history, lumbering has been it's staple of survival. The early settlers came to the area to cut pine timber on the St. John and Allagash Rivers, which was taken to Fredericton, New Brunswick by river drives. In many of the areas where timberlands were cleared, farms of hay and grain were started to support the lumber operations. Some of the familiar names of these settlements were Seven Islands, Castonguay Settlement, Michaud Farm and Cunliffe Depot.